Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

April 17, 2024

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a prevalent oral health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. As a leading community dental practice in Sault Ste. Marie, we believe in empowering our patients with knowledge to help them maintain healthy smiles for life. In this article, we’ll get into the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gum disease, addressing some of the most searched SEO terms to provide you with comprehensive insights.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum disease begins with the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums. When plaque isn’t adequately removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, leading to irritation and inflammation of the gum tissue. This initial stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis.

Recognizing the Symptoms

One of the challenges of gum disease is that it can progress silently, often without causing noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition advances, you may experience signs such as:

  • Persistent bad breath
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Receding gum line
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Changes in the fit of dentures or partials

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s essential to schedule an appointment with our dental team at Great North Dental promptly.

Treatment Options

The good news is that gum disease is treatable, especially when detected early. The primary goal of treatment is to control the infection, halt the progression of the disease, and restore gum health. Depending on the severity of your condition, treatment options may include:

  • Professional dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar buildup.
  • Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) to remove bacteria from beneath the gumline and smooth the tooth roots.
  • Antibacterial mouth rinses or medications to control infection.
  • Gum graft surgery to repair receding gums.
  • Laser therapy to remove infected tissue and promote gum regeneration.

Preventing Gum Disease

Prevention is key when it comes to gum disease. To protect your oral health and prevent gum disease from developing or recurring, it’s essential to:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and debris from between the teeth.
  • Maintain a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins.
  • Avoid tobacco use, which increases the risk of gum disease and other oral health problems.
  • Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings to detect and treat gum disease early.

Join Our Dental Family Today

At Great North Dental, we’re committed to helping you achieve and maintain optimal oral health. If you’re experiencing symptoms of gum disease or simply need to schedule a routine check-up, we invite you to contact us today, by calling us at (705) 575-473, to book your appointment. Together, we can work towards a healthier smile that lasts a lifetime. Don’t let gum disease stand in the way of your oral health – take the first step towards a brighter, healthier smile today!